Chamomile (Latin Chamomilla recutita, Matricaria chamomilla L.) is a herbal plant representing the Asteraceae family. It has several characteristic morphological features, which include pinnate leaves and baskets composed of white, oblong petals on the outside and tubular yellow flowers inside.
We can find chamomile on meadows, fields, clearings, lawns, roadside roads, wastelands and in home gardens. This photophilic plant can reach a height of up to 60 cm. For some, it is an ordinary weed, but for most people chamomile is a great medicine.
Valuable chamomile ingredients
Chamomile baskets, collected at the beginning of flowering, are important in herbal medicine. They are used to prepare infusions, teas, ointments, tinctures, compresses or rinses. The use of chamomile baskets in phytotherapy, i.e. herbal medicine, is associated with the wealth of active compounds, including:
- essential oils (containing, among others, bisabobol and azulenes),
- spirocyclic polyacetylenes,
- phenolic acids,
- mucous polysaccharides.