The aim of the draft law on health care for students is to ensure equal access to preventive health care and to dental care, i.e. to ensure the same level, regardless of the student’s place of residence and the type of school, and to increase the effectiveness of health services financed from public funds. An important element of the planned changes in health care for students is the coordination of activities and improvement of communication between persons providing this care.
The project is based on the assumption that preventive health care and dental care is an important part of the health care system, and the effectiveness of the entire health care system for children and adolescents depends to a large extent on its efficiency and effectiveness. The assumption of the project is the comprehensiveness and coordination of activities of people providing care.
Under the current legal framework, the issues that are the subject of regulation are regulated in many legal acts of varying rank. In order to strengthen the rank of this care, according to the project initiator, it is justified to pass a single, comprehensive act, the role of which is to increase the role of preventive health care and dental care.
The aim of the draft law on health care for students is to ensure equal access to preventive health care and to dental care. As indicated in the justification, the project provides the same level of care for all students, regardless of the student’s place of residence and the type of school.
According to the project, preventive health care for students applies to children and adolescents covered by compulsory schooling until the age of 19, and in the case of special school students – until their completion. Students up to the age of 19 will be provided with dental care.
The indicated age censorship is controversial, taking into account the fact that some students following the normal course of education in their final year of high school will nevertheless be over 19 and – according to the draft – will no longer be eligible for the health care system. Thus, the project differentiates students who are in the same situation (without repeating a year, no school breaks), depending on whether they were born in the first or second half of the year.
The medical community emphasizes that, in order to meet the objectives set out in the Act, the comprehensive regulation should also apply to younger preschool children. This applies especially to preventive dental care.
According to the project, preventive care over the student will be performed by the primary care physician, as it has been done so far. At school, preventive health care will be provided by the nurse of the teaching and education environment or the school hygienist.
An important element of preventive care for students is strengthening dental care. The nurse of the teaching and education environment (or school hygienist) has been appointed as the person responsible for monitoring and coordinating this care. Her tasks would include cooperation with a dentist, showing parents the possibility of using health services in the field of dentistry and monitoring the implementation of the dentist’s recommendations.